Impact of GST (Goods and Service Tax) on Indian Economy

In recent times, India has been abuzz with criticism on its archaic taxation structure and there is push for a simpler, flat tax structure that will potentially do away with the complicated policy. As the next level policy reform in indirect taxation, Goods and services tax (GST) has taken a centre stage in this respect and is hoped to iron out the wrinkles in the existing tax system. Tax policies play an important role on the economy through their impact on both efficiency & equity and it’s high time India braced itself for a relook at the current status. What will GST achieve as a policy reform measure?

Economic union of India: The debate about India as one republic union versus a federation of states will be put to rest. Goods can easily move across the country with diffused state boundaries and that will encourage businesses to focus on pan-India operations.

Simpler tax structure: By merging all levies on goods and services into one, GST acquires a very simple and transparent character with less paperwork and reduction in accounting complexities. A simple taxation regime can make the manufacturing sector more competitive and save both money and time.

Uniform tax regime: With only one or two tax rates across the supply chain as against multiple tax structure at present, state specific advantages/disadvantages are gone. This provides a fair play ground for all stakeholders and focus can be brought in to efficiency rather than vantage points.

Greater tax revenues: A simpler tax structure can bring about greater compliance, thus increasing the number of tax payers and in turn tax revenues for the government. By removing cascading effect, layers of taxes and simplifying structures, the GST would encourage compliance, which is also expected to widen the tax base.

Competitive pricing: A cursory look at the retail price of any product manufactured in India reveals that the total tax component is roughly 25-30% of the cost of the product. GST will effectively mean that the tax paid by the final consumer will come down in most cases and will help in boosting consumption, which is again beneficial to companies.

Push to exports: With fall in production cost in domestic market, the competitiveness of Indian goods in international market will increase. This bodes well for exporters, who compete with global manufacturers which operate on very different cost structures.

It’s a summarization of an article in Economic Times. For more information, visit

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